Electrical Distribution Network Indices Gap Analysis between Iran, the European Union, and the United States

Document Type : Original Article


1 Distribution Networks Department, Monenco Iran Consulting Engineers, Tehran, Iran

2 Infrastructure Division, Monenco Iran Consulting engineers, Tehran, Iran


Globally, most electric power companies are complying with the trend of reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and the detrimental pollution effects of thermal power plants on the atmosphere. Therefore, the future’s electric grid is modelled on a low-carbon or carbon-free grid infrastructure. Moreover, modern electric grid infrastructure mandates that different network sectors evolve with Renewable Energy Resources (RESs) integration. To reach a stable and reliable electric grid, the penetration rate needs to get increased. Using a microgrid (MG) or a smart grid system can help achieve this goal. Additionally, it facilitates the transition from the current dumb electric distribution network to an intelligent grid by leveraging smart assets. These implementations will be a part of the future network once the infrastructure is revolutionized. Furthermore, distribution grid conditions should be monitored regularly to ensure reliable and high-quality power exchange in grid sectors. Measuring different indices in various aspects of the distribution network gives us insight into evaluating the grid condition. By comparing available distribution data and indices on a global scale, a Gap Analysis (GA) can be obtained. It is necessary to design roadmaps, techniques, and solutions to improve distribution grid operation. This paper compares several indices and indicators of Iran's current distribution network to that of the European Union and the United States. Finally, a conclusion is reached.


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